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【高中】英国大学申请指南 | A guide to the UK University Application Process

2021-05-13

对于寻求海外高等教育的中国高中生而言,英国是备受推崇和受欢迎的目的地:(根据中国学生及家长经常参考的QS世界大学排名) 2021全球排名前十的大学中,英国占了4所。由于相对简单的申请流程,以及4年内可以完成本科和硕士学位,英国大学是很有吸引力的。

Senior School students in China seeking higher education oversees, view the UK as a respected and popular destination: 4 of the Top Ten Universities in 2021 (as ranked by QS, the preferred ranking system in China) are in the UK. With a comparatively straightforward application process, and the potential to progress through an Undergraduate degree to a Masters-level degree in 4 years, UK universities are attractive.


【高中】英国大学申请指南


英国大学种类繁多,很容易选择困难。既要考虑大学整体排名,也要考虑各院系和专业/学科排名,还有一个重要的考虑因素是生活费用:英国的生活成本,人与人之间差别巨大。

There are a wide range of UK universities for students and making a choice can be challenging. Consider the university’s ranking overall, but you should also consider the rating of individual departments. The next decision is your choice of subject (sometimes referred to as a Major). Also, a key consideration should be your likely living expenses: the cost of living in the UK can vary widely.  


 升学申请Q&A 


Q1:在英国上大学是什么感受?

What is it like to learn in a UK University?


在英国读本科,你将体验到不同类型的教学与学习。主要有三种类型,另外还有一些其他的体验。举个例子,如果你读医学专业,那么就会体验到基于问题的学习方式。

在一场讲座中,一位教授可能要对100多名学生进行长达两个小时的讲授。这个过程会介绍和覆盖到大量的信息,一个学生想要完全跟上讲座的内容,提前阅读相关材料就是必不可少的。

为了补充和扩展学生在讲座中获得的知识,还有分组研讨、扩展阅读和小组讨论等学习形式。课后辅导一般是小组讨论的形式,其主要目的是答疑、收集反馈和检查作业完成的情况。

通常,英国大学会有一系列的设施和服务来支持学生的学术学习。图书馆一天24小时,一周7天都开放,并且藏书丰富。有时图书馆会分专业藏书,而且,在有特殊需求时,登记在册的学生可以申请馆际互借。图书馆内设有各种各样的学习和会议区域。许多大学也都有单独的自习室,这些地方在考试前很受欢迎!大学也提供学术语言方面的支持,包括学术英语、学术写作技能,数据库的使用、书目编制和引用规范等。

As an undergraduate at a UK University, you will experience a different type of teaching and learning. There are three main formats, and some additional experiences such as problem-based learning, if you study, for example, medicine.

In a lecture, a professor might address over 100 students in a presentation that can last up to two hours. A lot of information will be introduced and covered at pace, and pre-reading materials are essential for students who want to fully follow the topics.

Seminars supplement and extend the knowledge acquired in lectures through further reading and small-group discussion.  Tutorials are small group discussion meetings the main purpose of which is to answer any questions, collect feedback and check progress on assignments.  

You can expect a range of facilities and services to support your academic work. Libraries are usually open 24 hours a day, seven days a week and are well-stocked with developed collections. Sometimes libraries will have specialist collections, also, registered students can apply for an inter-library loan if a specific title is required. There will also be a variety of different areas for study and meeting, including in many universities, individual study rooms – these are popular in the run-up to examinations! Language support in EAP and academic writing and skills are offered, as well as guidance in database use, bibliography building and citation, for example.


在英国上大学是什么感受?


Q2:在英国生活的文化优势是什么?

What are the cultural advantages of life in the UK?


在英国生活,文化体验极其丰富。除了大不列颠群岛和爱尔兰外,坐飞机到欧洲其他地方只需一个多小时,也可以坐火车、自驾和坐船都可以到达。同时,也很容易申请到去欧洲国家旅游的申根签证。

The cultural advantages of life in the UK are myriad. Beyond the U.K. and Ireland, Europe is little more than an hour away by air, and reachable by rail, road, and sea. It is easy to apply for a Schengen visa permitting travel through European countries.


在英国生活的文化优势是什么?


Q3:申请系统如何运行?

How does the application system work?


英国大学申请系统称为UCAS,这是大学申请服务的英文缩写。这是一项集中式服务,意味着此处最多可提交5门大学课程的申请:也可将其视为匹配学生和大学的平台。在这5个课程中,可选其中一个为第一志愿(最强烈地想要被录取的专业,并且已达到或期望达到该专业的入学成绩);同时再选一个为“保险”志愿,根据自己的进步和学习水平,这是学生认为自己已达到或能够轻松满足入学要求的大学专业。

The UK University applications system is called UCAS which is the acronym for the University and Colleges Application Service. It is a centralized service meaning that one application here will be submitted to up to 5 university courses: think of it as a platform for matching students and universities. Within the 5 course choices you elect a first choice (the one you want to attend most strongly, and for which you hold, or expect to hold, the entry grades). Also elect an ‘insurance’ choice; according to your own level of progress and learning, this is the university course for which you feel you meet or will comfortably meet the entrance requirements.


四个主要步骤

The Four Main Steps


首先,建立一个在线UCAS账户——学生的就读学校会帮助完成这一项。

First, set up an online UCAS account – your school will help you do this.

建立一个在线UCAS账户

输入学生个人信息和教育背景

Enter your personal details and educational background.

输入学生的选课信息

Enter your course choices.

接下来,上传学生的个人陈述

Next, enter your personal statement.

最后,学生的就读学校将上传推荐信(和预测成绩,供学生在获得12年级国际考成绩之前申请大学使用)

Finally, your school will enter a reference (and predicted grades, for students applying before they have their Grade 12 results).

点击“支付并发送”,申请便发送成功

Click ‘Pay and Send’ and that is your application sent.  


Q4:英国大学如何筛选学生?

How do UK universities shortlist students?


一般来说,招生专员会审核申请材料并联系相关导师。在英国,大学申请以专业为导向(这一点也适用于指导学生的个人陈述)。招生团队青睐的是有明显学术能力的学生,申请人应该表现出自己喜欢他们的专业。申请人还应展示其具有进一步学习的潜力以及对该领域的持续兴趣。在此阶段,一个学生的申请将与其他学生的进行横向对比,做好准备,这可能很难!

Generally, admissions officers review application and consult with target professors; in the UK this is subject focused (and you should use this fact to guide your approach in your personal statement). Admissions teams look for students with clear academic abilities, and candidates should show that they enjoy their subject. Candidates should also show their potential for further learning and ongoing interest in the subject. At this stage, your application will be compared with those of other students, and be prepared, it can be hard!


英国大学如何筛选学生?


Q5:学生可以准备什么?

What can students do to prepare?


简而言之,在高中期间,学生应该按年级遵循以下关键步骤:

· 九年级十年级时,你应该与老师、导师和校友一起,确定自己的方向,发展自己的兴趣;

· 十一年级时,你应该专注于你的目标学科并确定一个专业;同时,在学业上要有明确的进步,取得突破!

· 十二年级-全力以赴!递交申请后,尽一切努力达到你需要的成绩。

In a nutshell, during Senior School you should try to follow these key steps grade-by-grade:

· Senior years 1 and 2 – with your teachers, tutor and alumni, figure out your direction and develop your interest.

· Senior year 3 – focus on your target discipline and decide on a subject; also, focus to make clear academic progress and achieve a breakthrough!

· Senior year 4 – really go for it! With your application submitted, make all the effort to achieve the grades you need.


学生可以准备什么?


Q6:应该避免什么?

What should be avoided?


· 只关注你的主修课而忽视了提高你的英语水平——保持两者平衡;

Focusing only on your core subjects and neglecting to develop your English proficiency – keep both in balance.

· 很迟才找目标学科——力求在九年级十年级通过学校提供的所有扩展课来发掘自己的兴趣;

Running late to find your subject – aim to use all of the School’s enrichment opportunities to explore your interest fully over Senior years 1 and 2.

· 在个人陈述中过于详尽地罗列非学术活动——根据目标学科要有针对性;

Exhaustively documenting non-academic activities in the Personal Statement – target this to your subject instead.

· 太晚开始与目标专业有关联的阅读——早点开始,多看纪录片、杂志和书籍;

Starting to ‘read around’ your subject too late – get an early start and consume documentaries, journals and books.


Q7:父母应该怎么做?

What should parents do?


家长应该着眼于宏观管理,而不是微观管理;我们学校经过反复验证,已经形成一个申请体系,为学生提供强有力的支持,帮助他们申请到英国最好的大学。通过参加学校工作坊和会议,与孩子们共同讨论和探索,我们可以帮助学生自己决定申请哪所大学和学习哪个专业。因此,请充分与学校的专家和导师沟通,有任何疑虑都可以交流。

要相信孩子们,鼓励他们! 帮助他们保持平衡和积极的心态。通常,在大学里学习什么,在哪里学习,是学生做出的第一个重大人生决定。如果没有得到正确的支持和引导,这个决定可能会让孩子们感到压力。

In short, parents should aim to macro manage, not micro manage; the school has a tried and tested process by which students are supported in making strong applications to the best UK universities. Help your child decide for themselves which university to apply to and which course to study by attending school workshops and meetings, and by discussing and exploring with your son or daughter. Use the school’s experts and tutors and communicate any concerns.

Believe in your child and encourage! Help them keep a balanced and motivated mindset; often, what to study at university, and where, is the first big life decision a student makes and it can be experienced as stressful, without the right support.


父母应该怎么做?


Q8:广州斐特思公学高中部如何支持竞争激烈的英国大学申请?

How does the Senior School at FCG support competitive applications to UK universities?


广州斐特思公学在职涯和大学申请方面为学生提供广泛的支持。我们有专家聆听学生的问题、阅读正在撰写过程中的个人陈述和帮助学生探索自己的兴趣。更加正式的流程包括:

个人导师——每位学生都有一位个人导师,在大学申请和职涯规划导师的指导下工作,以帮助学生获取所需要的信息。导师会帮助学生认识自己,确定方向,寻找到一个清晰的视角。另外,导师还会帮助学生有计划地安排拓展活动和人生经历,如竞赛,夏校,实习和实验;

信息咨询会——针对学生和家长举办研讨会和讲座,帮助我们的学生熟悉所有的大学系统,而不仅仅是英国的;

跟踪——学术团队将持续跟踪和把控学科和英语水平的情况,并帮助学生制定入学和语言测试的策略;

校友——学生可以通过由斐特思公学和博实乐学校组成的全球性的校友网络来获得支持。

FCG’s careers and university provision is wide ranging; there is always an expert available to hear student questions, read work-in-progress personal statements and explore motivation. More formal provision includes:

Personal Tutor – Every pupil has a personal tutor who works under the direction of the University and Careers Tutor to help students access the information they need. Tutors also help students to know themselves, establish a sense of direct and achieve a clear line of sight. And tutors help their students plan and schedule enrichment activities and experiences, such as competitions, summer schools, internships, and experiments.

Information Events – Seminars and talks for students and parents help our students get familiar with all university systems, not only the UK.  

Tracking – The academic team tracks and monitors progress in subjects and in English proficiency and helps students strategy plan for entrance and language tests.

Alumni – Students access an alumni network that spans the world supported by alumni from Fettes College, and from Bright Scholar schools.


广州斐特思公学




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